What’s difference of TN panel, VA panel and IPS panel?

Display screens are very common in our lives. Nowadays, many devices have display screens, so what kinds of general display screens can be divided into? Let us discuss the difference between them.

The most common display screens are TN panel, VA panel and IPS panel. So what is the difference between them?

The TN panel is a common display panel earlier. It has a low cost and a fast response speed, which can reach a response time of 1ms without image retention. The screen using this material is usually used as a professional gaming screen. Through quick response, the TN screen can present high-speed changing scene details without loss. The defects of the TN panel are also obvious. The output gray scale is small, and the native color is only 6bit. The color of the image is white, the viewing angle is small, and therefore the display effect is average. When you are viewed from different angles, there will be color cast and brightness differences. TN panels are widely used in low-cost entry-level displays, but with the popularity of wide viewing angle panels, TN panels do not have any competitive advantages.

The VA panel is a kind of wide viewing angle panel, which is usually used in high-end liquid crystal displays. The wide viewing angle panel can make the user look at the screen from any angle without distortion and color drift. The tolerance and contrast are higher, and the high contrast ratio can reach 3000:1. The black and white in the picture are purer. Problems such as light leakage may occur. VA panels are the most widely used panel types in mid-to-high-end liquid crystal displays. Panel companies like Fujitsu, Samsung, Chi Mei Electronics, and AU Optronics have all adopted this panel technology. The defects of the VA panel are mainly reflected within the response time. Fortunately, the response time of the VA panel has been greatly improved, and it can be as low as 6ms, which is enough for normal use.

The IPS panel is also called a wide viewing angle panel, with a viewing angle of 178°, no color shift will occur no matter what angle it is viewed. Compared with other panel technologies, IPS panels have high viewing angle, fast response speed, accurate color reproduction, more delicate display pictures, and high dynamic picture display quality. Therefore, once they are promoted, they are widely praised by manufacturers and consumers. Synonymous with high-end products. In addition, although the IPS screen is slightly inferior to the TN screen in terms of response time, because of the excellent color performance of the IPS screen, it is still worth considering for ordinary gamers who have multi-functional office and entertainment needs. Constrained by IPS screens that require more backlights to improve brightness, the limitations of high power consumption, and light leakage due to poor control are common problems of IPS screens. However, professional screen manufacturers usually have a more standardized control mechanism when dealing with this problem, which is more trustworthy.

Industrial liquid crystal panels can be said to directly determine the quality of liquid crystal displays. The prices of liquid crystal displays with different panels are also quite different. Consumers still have to decide according to their own needs when choosing a display. However, most consumers still prefer to choose IPS panels with wide viewing angles. If you need a display, which one would you choose?


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